design, study setting, (sampling of) the participants, measurement instrument(s data collection, data analysis and ethics. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward. Discussion of implications what is the meaning of your results? The findings should be present in a logical, sequential order. Did they affirm predicted outcomes or did the data refute it? Describe who collected the data and when. Description of trends, comparison of groups, or relationships among variables - describe any trends that emerged from your analysis and explain all unanticipated and statistical insignificant findings. However, it should be much more concise in an article, and furthermore, new literature might have been published during the time you were doing your study (so include these here). Don't avoid reporting negative results as these are also important. Review related literature: The literature review provides information about what is already known, provides information about concepts, and how the concepts have been measured. Further information about how to effectively present data using charts and graphs can be found here.
This is a variation gastronomy essay julia child of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style. If you have written a research proposal for the study, this are all things that you have written down before. This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different. Describes the theoretical framework - provide an outline of the theory or hypothesis underpinning your study. This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area. It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion.